Reports

Public Health Preparedness: 2016 National Snapshot

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR) leads the agency's preparedness and response activities by providing strategic direction, support, and coordination for activities. This report highlights how OPHPR strengthens the nation's health security to save lives and protect against public health threats.

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Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: FY 2016

This report discusses the FY2016 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and provides an overview of the administration's FY2016 request. The report makes note of many budgetary resources provided to DHS, but its primary focus is on funding approved by Congress through the appropriations process.

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The Federal Cybersecurity Workforce: Background and Congressional Oversight Issues for the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security

This report examines congressional oversight of two strategies undertaken by Congress and the executive branch to strengthen the federal cybersecurity workforce: (a) initiatives to define and identify the federal cybersecurity workforce, and (b) hiring and pay flexibilities applicable to cybersecurity positions at DOD and DHS.

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Emerging Animal Diseases:Actions Needed to Better Position USDA to Address Future Risks

The United States Government Accountability Office was asked to review federal actions to address Swine Enteric Coronavirus Diseases (SECD) outbreaks. This report examines (a) the initial response to the SECD outbreaks, (b) USDAs subsequent actions to manage SECD, and (c) steps USDA has taken to improve its future response to emerging animal diseases.

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DHS' Ebola Response Needs Better Coordination, Training, and Execution

As part of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) response to prevent the spread of Ebola in the United States, DHS instituted additional screenings at U.S. ports of entry for passengers traveling from Ebola-affected countries. This audit was conducted to determine whether DHS has effectively implemented its enhanced screening measures to respond to an Ebola outbreak.

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Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

The Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program, which is currently administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of Homeland Security, provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated emergency medical services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs.

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Community Resilience Economic Decision Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems

This Economic Guide, designed for use in conjunction with the NIST Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems, provides a standard economic methodology for evaluating investment decisions aimed to improve the ability of communities to adapt to, withstand, and quickly recover from disruptive events.

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Medical Countermeasures for Children in Public Health Emergencies, Disasters, or Terrorism

Children represent a particularly vulnerable population during a pandemic, natural disaster, or act of terrorism. Significant and effective collaboration between the pediatric health community and federal partners, over the past five years, has resulted in substantial gains in addressing the needs of children related to disaster preparedness and medical countermeasures.

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Nuclear Energy: Overview of Congressional Issues

Managing weapons proliferation and the safety risks of nuclear power are issues that have long been debated in Congress. Additional questions for Congress include the implementation of policies to encourage or discourage nuclear power, post-Fukushima safety standards, development of new nuclear power and fuel cycle technologies, and nuclear waste management strategies.

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NIH-Wide Strategic Plan Fiscal Years 2016-2020

As the United States' biomedical research agency, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been the driving force behind decades of advances that have improved the health of people in the United States and around the world. Prepared at the request of Congress, NIH will use this strategic plan framework as it strives to turn scientific discoveries into better health.

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